Structure and Organisation
The Birth of the Chambers of Commerce.
Every Western, Industrialised Country has its Chambers of Commerce. These Chambers have long histories, and although not taking into account its precursors, as were the Business organisation in the Maritime ports (Venice & The Hague), the name Chamber of Commerce appeared for the first time in 1599 in Marseilles, France. As a consequence of the Royal Decrees of 1701 to 1702, Chambers as such sprouted up all through France, and later, after a brief interruption, due to the French Revolution, they spread through Western Europe. Their primary objectives were to access the economic environment. Towards the middle of the 19th Century,, Chambers of Commerce existed in nearly every Continental State, although they would not have as yet spread to all the cities. The French example influenced many other countries during the Napoleonic era, while at the same time , adapting themselves to their own National identity.
Chamber Of Commerce Missions
The mission of the Chamber of Commerce is to establish common interests with its affiliates., and consequently, in function and tandem with the needs of the National economy. The Chamber of Commerce of the Western, Industrialised clearly differentiate themselves from other professional bodies, which only come together, each one of them, according to a special sector they all belong to and according to a specific branch they belong to (e.g. Construction etc.,) and also those which belong to a specific monetary level, Major, larger business in contract to small or medium type of business, and they do not always deal with problems that do not affect them. The Chamber of Commerce deals with the economy, which interests it defends.
These common interests are shown in the following three areas. It deals with, in the first instance, as an organisation, which creates institutions and services to the benefit of business and companies. It deals with the common defence and economic interests of the surrounding area before the public bodies, and being well advised by exports through information or proposals. and , finally, the said missions, will also promote overseas business.
This mission in defence of the common interests, together with the surrounding economy, will include the deal with unilateral interests. A Chamber of Commerce has to come up to a certain denominator to reflect all sectors and all levels, which could be affected by its actions. These objectives allow the development to grow in a balanced way and together with the Countries Economy, is therefore of National interest.. Therefore the Chambers of Commerce, perform important functions in the modern state. They centralise and infiltrate, to the benefit of all and the divergent interests of the economy.
The Structural Organisation of the Chamber of Commerce.
All the Chambers of Commerce of the Western Industrialised Countries have common characteristics of being, which above all is an organisation of Business encouraged in the defence of their common interests.
It is essential that this group encompasses all the branches and all the levels of the economy to be professional. It has to represent industry, Companies, Banking, Insurance and Transport and the services, without which there would be no amber of which a sworn part of any company. This is the only way in which a Chamber of Commerce can guarantee to be truly representative of its surrounding area and its affiliates.
Second to its representing function, the second essential criteria of a Chamber of Commerce is in its Regional Structure., In general, nowadays there are Chambers of Commerce in all cities, which are economically important to any country, and the surrounding areas and throughout the entire country. The Regional structure is essential to guarantee and promote direct contact with its members. Only a well aimed plan will allow it to develop its necessary initiative. But, above all, it permits the particular Regional Chambers work in the manner and that they do not develop into a global organisation that only looks after the National Territory.
The Chambers of Commerce Independence
A Chamber of Commerce could not carry out its mission if it is not independent from the State. It cannot be part of a Political and Public administration. It has to be able to put its own option forward and the interests of the businesses, and that it has an authentic value as an independent assessor. It has to have the conditions to be able to decide for itself and to the missions it wants to give special importance to, in the way it can respond to the needs to its surrounding membership.
This independence also mentions that the State does not exercise a decisive influence over the Organisation of the Chamber of Commerce. Given that the Chamber represents a group of businesses, and these in turn have to be able to elect their own representatives to the Chamber.
The Independence of the Chamber assumes by itself to have the freedom to be able to elect their own staff and personnel. They are the bodies put together by the Chamber which must have the faculty in deciding in the selection of the Chambers staff and to offer contracts to, and to which end, decisions in taking on staff are taken correctly and correspond to their qualifications and to the specific missions of the Chamber of Commerce.
It has to be shown, finally, that the financial independence is absolutely indispensable. A Chamber of Commerce cannot carry out its missions or be able to do its work assigned to it if it does not have the necessary funds available to it. It the bare minimum, it must be able to approve its own budget.
The Consultative Function of The Chamber in relation to the Authorities.
Countries is to communicate local valuations to State, Regional and local administrators. To put forward its ideas and opinions, economic means and to be able to contribute to the promotion of the economy through information and suggestions. These activities are developed and are worked on at all levels nowadays. There is no need to repeat the that The Chambers of Commerce worry about the economic problems in their surrounding areas in the first place, and that they work with local Governments. But also, The Regional Public Bodies have great importance, given that it on those, that the responsibility of the development programme and communicational avenues fall upon, as well as the numerous areas of economic matters.
Given that all the central decisions tied to the most important aspects of the political economy are carried out in the Capital Cities, it is important to assume the importance of the co-operation of the Chambers within the National Organisation, that which this Organisation is answerable to the Parliament, The Government and to its Ministers, in respect to the National Territory, the opinions of business, which have been collected by the Chambers of Commerce and suggest ways of economic promotion. It is at this level that the Chambers of Commerce, together, adapts a position to the legislator relative to all sectors about the manner of administrative proceedings, without forgetting its dealings with overseas business.
Information and Assessment
The second essential mission of all the Chambers of Commerce is to lend certain services to businesses in its catchment area. general information is generally collected through collective assessment and informative processment. It is especially important that small to medium businesses can rely and call upon the chamber of Commerce on all matters that concern them and that they can find in those said Chambers, all they need to help them deal with their problems, finance, economic and other matters.
It is often found that they can find a technical capacity so that they are able to perfect their staff or personnel. This capacity is organised by the Chambers and can also be availed of through courses.p>
Alongside these services which are of benefit to all businesses, it is also found that similar institutions exist, which are for the common good and they can overcome these targets. One can show, in this respect, the amount of co-operation there is between medium businesses in the publication of jobs offered and looked for.
One of the services offered to Companies in the Chambers districts is the promotion of their business in overseas markets, an activity that has to be developed in the same way as the general performance already mentioned and which comes up daily in the work of The Chambers of Commerce. All the Chambers of Commerce in the Western Industrialised Countries are capable and able to give Certificates of Origin and quality. There are certificates available to all businesses who do business overseas. These are legally commercial documents , drawn up and enforced to aid overseas business. In the international forum there are, among others, The International Chamber of Commerce and a special programme dealing with the facilitation of business from the Conference of the United Nations, which help to make it easier to develop business.
The Chambers frequently find that a payment service for businesses, which are owed certain amounts, including when, from one official point of view, the Chamber of Commerce cannot take control of this matter, but can offer their good offices and services in the case of a difficulty of being paid and to arbitrate on behalf of both parties. The International Office of the Chambers of Commerce has created in itself an international network which assures the co-operation between the International Chambers of Commerce further on their national frontiers.
The Chambers lend their help to all members with information and assessment to bring about congenial arbitration and for the naming of Referees.
The main mission of the Chamber of Commerce in promotional business material, still continues to be, however, to a large extinct, is for an assessment and information activity. This activity is especially complete because, not only does it deal with its own customs , rules and currencies of the main participants of that country, its legislation of material on foreign business and the liberty to establish relative prescriptions which have to be seen to be economic and lawful. Furthermore, they have to facilitate the direction of the importers and exporters who want to establish new contacts and leads.
The basic promotion of foreign business in general takes in Trade Fairs LSO, The Chamber not only organise information about National and International Trade Fairs. but also organise their own Trade Fairs both at home and abroad.
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